What is sweat?
Sweat is a liquid produced naturally by your body which is composed of water along with some other chemicals like urea, ammonia, sugar, and salts. When the temperature of the body rises due to intense heat generated by the muscles during work out, sweat is produced. It is then evaporated into the air through sweating glands, which are spread all over your body, producing a cooling effect on the skin. Sweating depends on a number of factors that is why different people have different sweat rate. Howsoever, sweating is a good sign while working out. It is a sign of fitness. The person who is fitter tends to sweat more as compared to a weak person whose body is not used to intense workout. So if your body is fit, you will start sweating faster during workout. It is your body’s way of cooling down your temperature. Your body tends to heat up while converting chemical energy (glucose) to work energy (muscle) during workout. Sweat plays its role over here. It helps to maintain the body temperature between 36.6 to 39.4 degrees Celsius (98 and 103 degrees Fahrenheit). If your body’s temperature is above 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), your performance starts to lack during workout.
Sweat as a form of adaptation
Sweating is also good for you as it is a form of adaptation and makes your body keep going. Humans are very good at this adaptation. The duration and intensity of workout helps in training your body to sweat more. Sweating also releases endorphins in your body. These are hormones which activate positive feelings of relaxation and well-being. They keep you motivated to work out more.
Calorie loss due to sweating
Moreover, sweat is actually your fat crying. Although due to excessive sweating, your body loses water weight which reduces your body weight temporarily, but it is also accompanied with calorie loss and fat burning as your body is working so hard in cooling down the temperature. This calorie loss and fat burning results in permanent weight loss also. In order to avoid temporary weight lose through water weight, you should keep yourself hydrated before and during your workout routine.
Sometimes, your muscles become sore during intense workout. Sweating helps in muscle recovery and reduction of muscle soreness. The circulation of blood is boosted due to sweating and helps in flushing out lactic acid from your body. The soreness of muscles is alleviated and the muscle recovery process is speeded up.
Sweat causes detoxification
Sweating while work out can make you healthier as it also detoxifies your body by eliminating substances like salt, cholesterol, and alcohol. These toxins use sweat as a conduit when they are released from the body. So in short, sweating aids and fastens the detoxification process.
Factors associated with sweating
Sweating has numerous benefits during a good workout session as discussed above. But this should be kept in mind that sweating depends on a number of other factors also. It should not only be associated to a good work out. This is why sweat rate is not the same in all people. These factors include your environment, age, gender, weight, fitness level, genetics, exercise routine, clothes, etc. Environment plays an important role here as heated environment accelerates your sweating process as compared to a cooler environment. Same is the case with age. Sweating decreases as your age increases. Moreover, although female bodies have more sweat glands as compared to male bodies, but males tend to sweat more than females. Weight is also an important factor in determining sweat rate. Leaner people tend to sweat more as the fat is accumulated in obese people creating an insulator, so it takes longer for obese people to produce cooling effect and sweating. Similarly, the people who are fitter tend to sweat more as compared to weak people. Different people have different abilities of sweating and cooling their body down. This depends on their genetics. People who work out more often tend to sweat faster as your body is smart enough and anticipates that a workout session is coming up. Whereas, the people who do not work out regularly, tend to sweat lesser. Your sweating rate also depends on your clothing. Lighter clothes also slow down the sweating process as compared to layers of clothing.